the party (person or organisation) responding to a claim in non-criminal judicial proceedings. When a plaintiff or plaintiff files a lawsuit to initiate legal proceedings, any person and organization against whom they file it will be considered a defendant because it responds to the claim and the allegations made therein. (see definitions of “applicant” and “applicant” above) Dicta. Plural of “obiter dictum”. A judge`s remark in a legal opinion that is not relevant to the decision and does not set a precedent. Answer. In a civil case, the defendant`s written response to the plaintiff`s complaint. It must be submitted within a certain period of time, and it gives or denies the factual or legal basis for liability (more generally). Normally, a defendant has 30 days to file a response after receiving the plaintiff`s complaint.

In some courts, a response is simply called a “response.” To define a legal term, enter a word or phrase below. Fraud. False and misleading statements of fact intended to induce another person to rely on something of value that he or she possesses or a legal right to which he or she is entitled. Crime. Crimes that are less serious than crimes. In Pennsylvania, penalties for offenses vary by degree. A first-degree offence may be sentenced to a maximum term of imprisonment of five years. A second-degree offence may be sentenced to a maximum term of imprisonment of two years. A third-degree offence may be sentenced to a term of imprisonment of up to one year. In contract law, the clause refers to the terms of a contract, the terms and conditions and the guarantees agreed between the contracting parties. Contractual conditions can be made verbally or in writing.

Conditions are those conditions that are so important that one or more of the parties would not conclude the contract without them. Warranties are less important clauses, the breach of which does not invalidate the contract, but may entitle one of the parties to receive damages. [3] An impartial person appointed by the government to review the arguments put forward at a formal trial and decide on the outcome of the case. A judge in a court is a kind of arbitrator, but the title “arbitrator” is most often used in less formal and specialized hearings where issues such as employment, human rights, and immigration and refugee issues are decided. the party (person or organization) files a complaint with the court and initiates non-criminal proceedings. A government agency that provides legal aid certificates and funds legal clinics across the province to provide access to lawyers for those who cannot afford a lawyer. Regulations are a set of legal rules that can be passed under a statute. They may be more specific than the general law and are generally easier to pass and amend than a law. (see definition of “statute” below) is a court case in which one or more issues are decided by a decision-maker. A hearing usually refers to part of a complete process when considering a specific part of the case or issue.

A hearing may also refer to judicial proceedings before other decision-making bodies such as arbitral tribunals or arbitral tribunals (where an arbitrator is the arbitrator). Parties to a hearing may appear in person before the decision-maker, or some hearings may be based solely on written documents provided by the parties. Admissible evidence. Evidence that can be presented legally and correctly in civil or criminal proceedings. Action brought by a plaintiff against a defendant on the basis of a claim that the defendant had failed to comply with a legal obligation that caused harm to the plaintiff. Amicus Curiae. (Latin: “friend of the court.”) A person or organization that submits a statement of rights to the court in which it comments on a case involving other parties because it has a strong interest in the subject matter of the appeal. An individual (who is not necessarily a lawyer) who has been authorized by another person to act in his or her place, either for a specific purpose, to perform a specific act, or for the conduct of business in general, which is not of a legal nature. This authority is conferred by a written document called a power of attorney or, more commonly, a power of attorney. A court order that prevents one or more designated parties from taking action. An injunction is often issued to allow for the establishment of facts so that a judge can determine whether a permanent injunction is warranted.

Jurisdiction. The legal right by which judges exercise their authority. Power of attorney. A written document authorizing a person to take certain legal action on behalf of the person granting the power of attorney. Empty. have no binding effect or legal force; zero. A function of the federal courts that takes place at the beginning of the criminal justice trial – after a person has been arrested and charged with a federal crime and before being tried. Pre-trial officials are focusing on investigating the backgrounds of these individuals to help the court decide whether to release or detain them pending trial.