If you`re looking for legal citation information in the context of Hong Kong, CUHK Law School offers a comprehensive legal citation style guide (last updated May 2020) that includes many examples of Hong Kong legal documents. If you are quoting an article of this Constitution that has since been amended or repealed, note the date in parentheses at the end of the quotation, for example: Most legal citations consist of the name of the document (case law, law, law review article), an abbreviation for the legal series, and the date. In the MLA Style Handbook (8th edition), page 69 provides an overview of the titles of statutes, statutes and similar policy documents, and section 2.1.3 provides information on citation of corporate authors, including government agencies. In abbreviated quotations, it is sufficient to quote by document number, but to avoid confusion, the state must be specified, unless it is a federal law. The citations in the text are formatted in the same way as the above court decisions (name of the act, year). The years can be confusing because laws are often passed in a different year than the one they are published; You should always use the year of publication of the law in the compilation you are considering. A legal citation is a reference to a legal document such as case law, law, law review article, etc. On the other hand, if you`re writing an APA, MLA, or Chicago-style article, each of them includes a special section for citing legal documents. We encourage you to consult them according to your needs. If the Act has been repealed or amended, indicate this fact and the year in which it occurred in parentheses at the end of the quotation if the Act was repealed or amended. You can also add additional information in the same way.
You should check the Blue Book for state laws, as some states use chapter or article numbers instead of sections. Similarly, the Blue Book contains all the necessary abbreviations and symbols. Some federal laws may include public numbers that you can use in the reference list entry instead of USC publication information. In legal research, the most widely used citation guide is The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation. The Bluebook uses footnotes, as opposed to parenthetical references, which are typically seen in the APA and MLA style. Below are links to online guides and information on how to access the Bluebook. Chicago actually recommends using the Bluebook or ALWD Citation Manual to detect the ubiquity of these two systems in legal publications, commercial databases, and government records. In the abbreviated form of a case, you are free to shorten the name of the case to the first part or even to an abbreviated form of that party`s title. However, if the first party is a State entity, geographical entity or other such creation, this quotation may not be useful.
(Since there are so many cases where the first party is the U.S. government, for example, listing a case name like “United States” doesn`t limit it enough to be helpful.) In these cases, quote with the name of the second part instead. The most commonly used style manual for citing legal documents is the Bluebook: A Unified Citation System. The APA, PLA, and Chicago Manual of Style all refer to the Bluebook to cite specific documents such as cases. Note: The Blue Book does not mention a method for writing short quotes for hearings. Citation (in law, this means the volume and page in journalists or books where case decisions are published) Parentheses and narrative citations in the text are formatted in the same way as in any other source (first item in the reference list entry, year), although unlike other sources, Court decisions and cases italicize the title in the citation in the text. For example (Brown v. Board of Education, 1954). If you are writing a document that contains many references to legal documents such as laws, court proceedings and legislative documents, you are strongly advised to consult the Blue Book. Abbreviated citations for statutes should include the section number as well as the minimum information required to determine which of your previously cited authorities the citation refers to. For example, an appropriate short form for the Guano Islands Act above might be: You don`t need to create a citation for entire federal or state constitutions.
It is enough to refer to them by their name in the text. When citing specific articles and edits, create reference list entries and citations in the text as usual. The United States Constitution should be included in the reference lists and brackets of the U.S. Const. can be used. Use state legal abbreviations for state constitutions, such as In. Const. for the Indiana Constitution. In the story, write these place names: USA, USA, Indiana. Follow the Constitution numbering pattern (Roman for articles and amendments of the United States Constitution and for articles of the State Constitution, but Arabic for state amendments). Other legislative documents such as witness statements, hearings, non-legal bills and related documents may also be cited.
Your reference list templates (below) may include a URL if available, but the URL is optional. The quotations in the text follow the same patterns as court decisions and cases. Please note that the legal examples in the APA style manual are primarily focused on the United States and the United Nations. Most legal documents are cited in the Bluebook style, the style of legal citation common to all disciplines (see Bluebook style in The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation, 2015). The APA departs from the bluebook style for legal documents and uses these templates and templates in bibliographies. This resource lists some of the common legal references that ABS users need to do their jobs, but is not exhaustive. Please note that legal conventions outside the United States may differ. The abbreviation of the legal series usually appears as a number, followed by the short name of the series and ends with another number.
Once you have quoted a particular authority in its entirety, you can then use a short quote. The specific content of a short quote is flexible, but varies depending on the type of authority cited. Acceptable short forms for a particular citation are covered in each entry. If the entire Constitution is no longer in force, add to the citation the date the Constitution was originally adopted, as follows: If you need to quote an APA-style regulation in Hong Kong, we recommend the following basic format: The Bluebook style guide is used in the American legal profession to cite all relevant sources. In addition, the Chicago Manual of Style recommends its use for all citations of legal documents. The following is a summary of the basics. It`s worth noting that the Bluebook system is considerably complex in most of these points, but here`s the level of detail it recommends for a student`s basic needs, for example. In the APA style (7th edition), most legal documents are cited in the standard legal citation style, which is used as legal references in all disciplines. However, the legal style differs significantly from APA-style references for other types of sources. “Section 11: Legal References” summarizes the main difference between APA-style references and legal references and provides a comprehensive guide to citing APA-style legal references, in-text citation forms for legal documents, and examples. The citation may be followed by more information in parentheses, such as a brief explanation of the relevance of the case or a citation from the case. This can be followed by a subsequent history of the case, such as subsequent confirmations of the decision if desired.
Quote in parentheses: (Copyright Regulations, 2019) This page provides an overview of the “Legal Documents” section in APA, MLA and Chicago Style. There is no abbreviated form for constitutional citations. The Chicago Manual of Style provides by far the most geographically diverse examples. They contain specific sections for citing legal documents from the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom. These documents include rules, regulations, decrees and expert opinions. Their citation patterns in the text follow typical APA patterns: (first item of reference list entry, year) without italics. Short forms may also use id. to indicate that this quote comes from the same authority as the previous one. In general, you should shorten as much as possible without losing the necessary information.
For example, the Blue Book recommends shortening procedural sentences to abbreviations such as “In re” or “Ex parte” and using all commonly understood abbreviations to shorten the names of the parties, such as “Univ.” instead of “University.” In addition, the names of the source and the court are usually abbreviated; In the following example citation, Federal Rules Decisions is abbreviated to “F.R.D.” and the United States District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania becomes “W.D. Pa”. Sources and courts tend to have official abbreviations for this purpose, usually provided visibly to anyone who needs to quote them. The page number in a case citation is the page where that case begins in the source. If you want to refer to both a specific page and the overall case, separate that page reference with a comma.